Pablo Francisco Essay
When, in 1877, the young José Martí – the poet and future leader of the Cuban revolution against Spanish colonial rule – arrived in Central America, he fell in love with the light. He wrote about the light as if it was alive. He found in it a poetic metaphor for American identity, of the many in the one, of nearly mystical union – an Emersonian idea adapted to the tropics.
I thought of this when looking at Pablo Delano’s wonderful photographs of Honduras. I love the light in these photographs. The little girl climbing a flag pole against the luminous robin’s egg blue of a late afternoon sky, the mellow hues of an imminent sunset illuminating the intense purple, maroon, orange, pale green of the ill-fitting dresses of the other little girls (dresses just like the ones worn by poor little girls throughout Latin America) the turquoise and golden colors of the schoolhouse wall and mural behind them, the shadows on the scorched grass and dirt, the jade green strap of a sandal, a scarlet hair-tie, sunlight like fever or love on a young face, full of sweetness and curiosity. So much life and color, innocence and youth, bursting from one quiet photograph of an ordinary schoolyard scene.
The light should seem like a blessing, and it is, but it isn’t only that, you know it’s a curse too, not only because of what you know probably lies ahead for these girls – the hard life of the poor – but because of what you know is happening in that country now. The coup d’etat of June, 2009, a cruel turning back of the clock in a country that hadn’t really gotten very far anyway: only a few years of only somewhat reformist democratically-elected government was enough to bring the anti-democratic dinosaurs back to life, the same old ransacking government exclusively for-and-of a corrupt and often criminal elite that over the past half-century and longer have managed to turn Honduras, along with its Central American neighbors, especially Guatemala and El Salvador, into the blighted countries in the hemisphere, the most violent and corrupt, with the highest levels of illiteracy and malnutrition.
Why am I so moved by the skies, the colors, the streets, the multi-ethnic faces in Pablo Delano’s photographs, all bathed in that light that Martí described as actually alive? Because they are beautiful and true; because they have escaped from darkness and death like light from a prison door suddenly thrown open; because the same light that warms that little girl’s face in the photograph by the flagpole also warms our faces as we, all the way up here, look.
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Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
Jose Costa y Bonells (died 1870), Called Pepito
Majas on a Balcony
Plate 15 from "The Disasters of War' (Los Desastres de la Guerra): And there is no help (Y no hai remedio)
The Blind Guitarist (El ciego de la guitarra)
The Garrotted Man (El agarrotado)
Sebastián Martínez y Pérez (1747–1800)
The Swing. Page 21 from the Madrid Album
Manuel Osorio Manrique de Zuniga (1784-1792)
Condesa de Altamira and Her Daughter, Maria Agustina
Plate 12 from 'Los Caprichos': Out hunting for teeth (A caza de dientes.)
Plate 43 from 'Los Caprichos': The sleep of reason produces monsters (El sueño de la razon produce monstruos)
Ignacio Garcini y Queralt (1752–1825), Brigadier of Engineers
Tiburcio Pérez y Cuervo (1785/86–1841), the Architect
Plate 26 from 'The Disasters of War' (Los Desastres de la Guerra): 'One can't look.' (No se puede mirar.)
A Giant Seated in a Landscape, sometimes called 'The Colossus'
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