Wordsworth Lyrical Ballads Essaytyper
In his Life of William Blake Alexander Gilchrist warned his readers that Blake "neither wrote nor drew for the many, hardly for work'y-day men at all, rather for children and angels; himself 'a divine child,' whose playthings were sun, moon, and stars, the heavens and the earth.
Far from being an isolated mystic, Blake lived and worked in the teeming metropolis of London at a time of great social and political change that profoundly influenced his writing. After the peace established inthe British Empire seemed secure, but the storm wave begun with the American Revolution in and the French Revolution in changed forever the way men looked at their relationship to the state and to the established church. Poet, painter, and engraver, Blake worked to bring about a change both in the social order and in the minds of men.
One may wonder how a child born in moderate surroundings would become such an original artist and powerful writer. Unlike many well-known writers of his day, Blake was born into a family of moderate means. His father, James, was a hosier, one who sells stockings, gloves, and haberdashery, and the family lived William Wordsworth As A Poet Of Nature Essays 28 Broad Street in London in an unpretentious but "respectable" neighborhood.
Blake was born on 28 November In all, seven children were born to James and Catherine Harmitage Blake, but only five survived infancy. Blake seems to have been closest to his youngest brother, Robert, who died while yet young. By all accounts Blake had a pleasant and peaceful childhood, made even more pleasant by his skipping any formal schooling.
As a young boy he wandered the streets of London and could easily escape to the surrounding countryside. Even at an early age, however, his unique mental powers would prove disquieting. According to Gilchrist, on one ramble he was startled to "see a tree filled link angels, bright angelic wings bespangling every bough like stars.
His parents did, however, encourage his artistic talents, and the young Blake was enrolled at the age of ten in Pars' drawing school. The expense of continued formal training in art, however, was a prohibitive one, and the family decided that at the age of fourteen William would be apprenticed to a master check this out. At first his father took him to William Ryland, a highly respected engraver.
William, however, resisted the arrangement telling his father, "I do not like the man's face: Instead of Ryland the family settled on a lesser-known engraver but a man of considerable talents, James Basire. Basire seems to have been a good master, and Blake was a good student of the craft. Blake was later to be especially grateful to Basire for sending the young student to Westminster Abbey to make drawings of monuments Basire was click here to engrave.
The vast Gothic dimensions of Westminster and the haunting presence of the tombs of kings affected Blake's romantic sensibilities and were to provide fertile ground for his active imagination.
At the age of twenty-one Blake left Basire's apprenticeship and enrolled for a time in the newly formed Royal Academy. It was as a journeyman engraver, however, that Blake earned his living. Booksellers employed him to engrave illustrations for publications ranging from novels such as Don Quixote to serials such as Ladies' Magazine.
One incident at this time affected Blake deeply. In June of riots broke out in London incited by the anti-Catholic preaching of Lord George Gordon but also by resistance to continued war against the American colonists. Houses, churches, and prisons were burned by uncontrollable mobs bent on destruction. On one evening, whether by design or by accident, Blake found himself at the front of the mob that burned Newgate prison.
These images of violent destruction and unbridled revolution gave Blake powerful material for works such as Europe and America Not all of the young man's interests were confined to art and politics. After one ill-fated romance, Blake met Catherine Boucher, an attractive and compassionate woman who took pity on Blake's tales of being spurned. After a year's courtship the couple were married on 18 August The parish registry shows that Catherine, like many women of her class, could not sign her own name.
Blake soon taught her to read and to write, and under Blake's tutoring she also became an accomplished draftsman, helping him in the execution of his designs. By all accounts the marriage was a successful one, but no children were born to the Blakes.
Catherine also managed the household affairs and was undoubtedly learn more here great help in making ends meet on Blake's always limited income.
Henry Mathew and a celebrated lady of fashion whose drawing room was often a meeting place for artists and musicians.
There Blake gained favor by reciting and even singing his early poems. Thanks to the support of Flaxman and Mrs. Mathew, a thin volume of poems was published under the title Poetical Sketches Many of these poems are imitations of classical models, much like the sketches of models of antiquity the young artist made to learn his trade. Even here, however, one sees signs of Blake's protest against war and the tyranny of kings. David Erdman argues that the ballad "Gwin, King of Norway" is a protest against King George's treatment of the American colonies, a subject Blake treated more extensively in America Only about fifty copies of Poetical Sketches are known to have been printed.
Blake's financial enterprises also did not fare well. Inafter his father's death, Blake used part of the money he inherited to set up shop as a printseller with his friend James Parker. The Blakes moved to 27 Broad Street, next door to the family home and close to Blake's brothers.
The business did not do well, however, and the Blakes soon moved out. Of more concern to Blake was the deteriorating health of his favorite brother, Robert. Blake tended to his brother go here his illness and according to Gilchrist watched the spirit of his brother escape his body in his death: He even announced that it was Robert who informed him how to illustrate his poems in "illuminated writing.
The plate was then dipped in acid so click the text and design remained in relief.
That plate could be used to print on paper, and the final copy would be then hand colored. Blake continued to experiment with the process of illuminated writing and in combined the early poems with companion poems entitled Songs of Experience. The title page of the combined set announces that the poems show "the two Contrary States of the Human Soul. The introductory poems to each series display Blake's dual image of the poet as both a "piper" and a "Bard.
The pleasant lyrical aspect of poetry is shown in the role of the "piper" while the more somber prophetic nature of poetry is displayed by the stern Bard. In the "Introduction" to Songs of William Wordsworth As A Poet Of Nature EssaysBlake presents the poet in the form of a simple shepherd: The "piping songs" are poems of pure pleasure.
The songs of pleasure are interrupted by the visionary appearance of an angel who asks for songs of more seriousness:. The piper is no longer playing his songs for his own enjoyment. Now the piper is in the position of a poet playing at the request of an appreciative audience.
The "song about a Lamb" suggests a poem about the "Lamb of God," Christ. The child commands that the poet not keep the songs for himself but share them with his audience:. The "book" is Songs of Innocencewhich is designed in a form that "all may read. He no longer writes only for his own enjoyment but for the delight of his audience. The piper is inspired by the directions of the child, and the poet is inspired by his vision of his audience. The child vanishes as the author interiorizes his vision of his audience and makes it a central part of his work.
Immediately after the child's disappearance, the author begins the actual physical composition of the poem by plucking the hollow reed for his poem. At the end of the poem the poet is no longer the simple shepherd of Arcadia playing for his own amusement.
Now he writes his poems for "Every child" of England. The "Introduction" to Songs of Experience is a companion to the earlier poem, and, as a poem written in the state of experience, it presents a different view of the nature of the poet and his relation to his audience. The strident tone of the first stanza provides a marked contrast to the gentle piping of the first poem and reminds us that we are now in the state of experience:.
This is not an invocation, but a direct command to the reader to sit up and pay attention. Instead of playing at the request of his audience, the poet now demands that his reader listen to him. The speaker now has authority because of what he has heard.
The voice of the poet is that of the ancient Bard and that also of the biblical prophet who has heard the "Holy Word," the word of God. Assuming the role of the prophet and the Bard gives the modern poet a sense of biblical authority to speak on matters sacred and profane.
With his authority, the Bard is more willing to instruct his audience than is the piper. The Bard repeats the call of the Holy Word to fallen man.
The message repeated by the Bard is that man still "might control" the world of nature and bring back the "fallen light" of vision. Blake presents two sides of his view of the poet in these introductory poems. Neither one should be dismissed in favor of the other. The poet is both a pleasant piper playing at the request of his audience and a stern Bard lecturing an entire nation. In part this is Blake's interpretation of the ancient dictum that poetry should both more info and instruct.
William Wordsworth - Biography and Works. Search Texts, Read Online. Discuss.Wordsworth was born in the Lake District of northern England, the second of five children of a modestly prosperous estate manager. He lost his mother when he was 7 and his father when he was 13, upon which the orphan boys were sent off by guardian uncles to a grammar school at Hawkshead, a village in the heart of the Lake District. At Hawkshead Wordsworth received an excellent education in classics, literature, and mathematics, but the chief advantage to him there was the chance to indulge in the boyhood pleasures of living and playing in the outdoors. Wordsworth moved on in to St. There he was caught up in the passionate enthusiasm that followed the fall of the Bastilleand became an ardent republican sympathizer. But before their child was born in DecemberWordsworth had to return to England and was cut off there by the outbreak of war between England and France. He was not to see his daughter Caroline until she was nine. First it turned him away from the long poems on which he had laboured since his Cambridge days. These included poems of social protest like Salisbury Plain, loco-descriptive poems such as An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches published inand The Borderers, a blank-verse tragedy exploring the psychology of guilt and not published until Stimulated by Coleridge and under the healing influences of nature and his sister, Wordsworth began in —98 to compose the short lyrical and dramatic poems for which he is best remembered by many readers. Many of these short poems were written to a daringly original program formulated jointly by Wordsworth and Coleridge, and aimed at breaking the decorum of Neoclassical verse. The manifesto and the accompanying poems thus set forth a new style, a new vocabulary, and new subjects for poetry, all of them foreshadowing 20th-century developments. As early as Wordsworth began to talk in grand terms of this poem, to be entitled The Recluse. It thus describes a circular journey—what has been called a long journey home. But the main events in the autobiography are internal: The Recluse itself was never completed, and only one of its three projected parts was actually written; this was published in as The Excursion and consisted of nine long philosophical monologues spoken by pastoral characters. This bleak narrative records the slow, pitiful decline of a woman whose husband had gone off to the army and never returned. For later versions of this poem Wordsworth added a reconciling conclusion, but the earliest and most powerful version was starkly tragic. In the company of Dorothy, Wordsworth spent the winter of —99 in Continue reading, where, in the remote town of Goslar, in Saxony, he experienced the most intense isolation he had ever known. All of these poems make up what is now recognized as his great decade, stretching from his meeting with Coleridge in until Induring the short-lived Peace of Amiens, Wordsworth returned briefly to France, where at Calais he met his daughter and made his Pay My Investments Essay with Annette. He then returned to England to marry Mary Hutchinson, a childhood friend, and start an English family, which had grown to three sons and two daughters by Henceforth he would produce a different kind of poetry, defined by a new sobriety, a new restraint, and a lofty, almost Miltonic elevation of tone and diction. These metaphors point up the differences between the early and the late Wordsworth. It is generally accepted that the quality of his verse fell off as he grew more distant from the sources of his inspiration and as his Anglican and Tory sentiments hardened into orthodoxy. The most admired are the Duddon sonnetswhich trace the progress of a stream through Lake District landscapes and blend nature poetry with philosophic reflection in a manner now recognized as the best of the later Wordsworth. Other sonnet sequences record his tours through the European continent, and the three series of Ecclesiastical Sketches develop meditations, many sharply satirical, on church history. In Wordsworth and his family moved from Dove Cottage to larger quarters in Grasmere, and five years later they settled at Rydal Mount, near Ambleside, where Wordsworth spent the remainder of his life. He did publish Poems, in Two Volumes in ; The Excursion incontaining the only finished portions of The Recluse; and the collected Poems ofwhich contained most of his shorter poems and two important critical essays as well. Through all these years Wordsworth was assailed by vicious and tireless critical attacks by contemptuous reviewers; no great poet has ever had to endure worse. But finally, with the publication of The River Duddon inthe tide began to turn, and by the mids his reputation had been established with both critics and the reading public. Most readers find the earliest versions of The Prelude and other heavily revised poems to be the best, but flashes of brilliance can appear in revisions added when the poet was in his seventies. Thereafter his influence was felt throughout the rest of the 19th century, though he was honoured more for his smaller poems, as singled out by the Victorian critic Matthew Arnoldthan for his masterpiece, The Prelude. In the 20th century his reputation was strengthened both by recognition of his importance in the Romantic movement and by an appreciation of the darker elements in his personality and verse. William Wordsworth was the central figure in the English Romantic revolution in poetry. His contribution to it was threefold. First, he formulated in his poems and his essays a new attitude toward nature. Writing it in a drawn-out process of self-exploration, William Wordsworth As A Poet Of Nature Essays worked his way toward a modern psychological understanding of his own nature, and thus more broadly of human nature. It is probably safe to say that by the late 20th century he stood in critical estimation where Coleridge and Arnold had originally placed him, next to Click to see more Milton —who stands, of course, next to William Shakespeare. When Wordsworth and Coleridge sought to revivify English poetry, they hit upon two divergent kinds of subject: William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, meanwhile, were also exploring the implications of the French Revolution. Wordsworth, who lived in France in —92 and fathered an illegitimate child there, was distressed when, soon after his return, Britain declared war on the republic, dividing his allegiance. A similar revolution in taste was taking place all…. Instances of its presence can be multiplied from…. The discussion between Wordsworth and Coleridge on the nature and function of metre illuminates the crucial transition from Neoclassical to modern theories. Wordsworth in his Preface to the Lyrical Balladsfollowed 18th-century…. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. At the bottom of the article, feel free to William Wordsworth As A Poet Of Nature Essays any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Internet URLs are the best. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. Please note that read article editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Early life and education Wordsworth was born in the Lake District of northern England, the second of five children of a modestly prosperous estate manager. A turn to the elegiac In the company of Dorothy, Wordsworth spent the winter of —99 in Germany, where, in the remote town of Goslar, in Saxony, he experienced the most intense isolation he had ever known. Late work In Wordsworth and his family moved from Dove Cottage to larger quarters in Grasmere, and five years later they settled at Rydal Mount, near Ambleside, where Wordsworth spent the remainder of his life. 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More important, for Blake the poet is a man who speaks both from the personal experience of his own vision and from the "inherited" tradition of ancient Bards and prophets who carried the Holy Word to the nations. In reading any of the poems, one has to be aware of the mental "state" of the speaker of here poems.
In some cases the speakers address the same issue, but from entirely different perspectives. The child of "The Chimney Sweeper" in Songs of Innocence lives in deplorable conditions and is clearly exploited by those around him: The speaker is also a child, but one who understands the social forces that have reduced him to misery:.
In each poem the reader can see what the speaker can not always see because of his unique perspective: The famous companion poems " The Lamb " and " The Tyger " are also written on the same subject: Yet, how link understands God depends on man's view of God's divinity.
William Wordsworth - Poet - William Wordsworth, who rallied for "common speech" within poems and argued against the poetic biases of the period, wrote some of the. William Wordsworth (), British poet, credited with ushering in the English Romantic Movement with the publication of Lyrical Ballads() in collaboration. William Wordsworth () A selective list of online literary criticism for the nineteenth-century English Romantic poet William Wordsworth, with links to. William Wordsworth, (born April 7, , Cockermouth, Cumberland, England—died April 23, , Rydal Mount, Westmorland), English poet whose Lyrical Ballads ( The Complete Poetical Works: William Wordsworth: Wordsworth was a defining member of the English Romantic Movement. Like other Romantics, Wordsworth.
In "The Lamb" the speaker makes the traditional association between a lamb and the "Lamb of God," Christ:. The speaker sees God in terms he can understand.
God is gentle and kind and very much like us. The close association between the "I," "child," and "lamb" suggests that all men share in the same spiritual brotherhood. The speaker in "The Tyger" also sees God in terms he can understand, but he sees him from a different perspective.
Important Notice: August 19, 2017 at 13:36 pmPreface to Lyrical Ballads. William Wordsworth (). Famous Prefaces. The Harvard Classics. William Wordsworth () A selective list of online literary criticism for the nineteenth-century English Romantic poet William Wordsworth, with links to. William Blake and William Wordsworth are two poets that have a few very different views on life and the world. And quite a few close similarities.
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